"The idea of nature contains, though often unnoticed, an extraordinary amount of human history.”
In the late 1960’s preservationist and environmentalist dissent gained momentum and established itself as an alternative to the prevailing status quo. Protest against unchecked technological development spread in major university campuses in the United States hailing the work of influential philosophers and social commentators. The book written by biologist and ecologist Rachel Carson in 1962, Silent Spring, dealing with the unchecked use of DDT and other chemicals on crops was a wake-up call for environmentalist groups. From then on, the concern with the irreversible destruction of natural environment has continued to grow and expand.
Conflicting views regarding the relationship between human beings and nature define today’s discussions of major environmental issues. What is understood by "nature" or the "natural environment" may differ ostensibly among cultures, human groups, and even among people sharing the same way of life. The exploitation of the natural world intrinsically bound to technological development emerges today as a central issue of broad concern; it has become a focus of the media, the subject of an increasing number of books, and the nightmare of many governments.
Extraordinay challenges regarding the management of the natural environment, such as climate, energy, population growth or water and food reserves confront us at the dawn of the twenty first century. Failing to face those challenges without delay would be irresponsible and ill directed.
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